Rossio Square is a lively and busy square in the centre of Lisbon. There are many cafes around the perimeter, and so it is a popular spot to sit back and relax with a drink. It has long been a natural meeting place for people in the city dating back to the Middle Ages. The square has witnessed a wide variety of events including revolts, executions, celebrations, and even bullfights. In addition to cafes and dining spots there are also many shops. What exists today was all constructed after the Lisbon earthquake of 1755.
There are 2 large bronze fountains at either end, and a large column paying tribute to Pedro IV King of Portugal whom was also the first Emperor of Brazil. The ground surface is a cool wavy cobblestone pattern.